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Norman L. Sandfield's Netsuke Home Page


The following is a list of Museums that we believe contain netsuke, inro, and related items in their collections. Some of these netsuke are in storage, some are on display, and some of them are available on their website. As always, it is a good idea to contact the Museum directly before going to be sure you will be able to see what you want if you visit the Museum. The links to the websites should allow you to obtain the latest contact information.

Note # 1: Some of these museums may have hosted a netsuke or netsuke-related exhibit in the past, with some publication that is documented in The Ultimate Netsuke Bibliography (TUNB), book or updated on-line, but they may not actually have any netuke in their collections today.

Note # 2: Much of this data was compiled over the last twenty-five years by Norman L. Sandfield in direct correspondence with the Museums. Since this list has been compiled from many different resources, the format of the records will be different, and we are not able to confirm all of the data, thus corrections and updates are always welcome.

Note # 3: For more information on most of these Museums and their collections, netsuke-related books and articles about them can be found in The Ultimate Netsuke Bibliography (TUNB, the book), Chapter 13, Museums, with even more at TUNB online at www.internetsuke.com/tunb. Extensive searches might be necessary due to museum name changes since the original publication, and various translations of museum names into English at different times. Searches by geographic location might be very helpful.

NOTE # 4: Museums below are generally organized in alphabetic order within Continent, Country, and State, with some additional unorganized museums and museum-related bibliographic entries at the end of the list. Unorganized Japanese Museums are in alphabetical order at the head of their list.

NOTE # 5: There are a number of various correct ways the word netsuke is spelled in non-English languages: Necuke, netsuke, netskes, netsukes, netzke, and netzkes. REF: TUNB, page 344.

NOTE # 6: Many thanks to Makiko Komada and her website for her support on information for Japanese Museums, at http://www.cc.rim.or.jp/~komada/e-museums.html

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS SHOULD BE SENT TO: Norman L. Sandfield at netsuke@sandfield.org


  1. EuroNetsuke: The European Chapter of the International Netsuke Society. https://euro-netsuke.myshopify.com
  2. Russian Netsuke Portal: in Russian text. http://netsuke.org.ru
  3. Koryuen: Site for More Appreciation of Netsuke; a tremendous and diverse contemporary resource! Maintained by Makiko Komada, in both English and Japanese: http://www.cc.rim.or.jp/~komada
  4. Paragon Book Gallery (Chicago, Illinois). The foremost source in the United States for books on Asia since 1948, and now the world's largest bookstore for new and antiquarian books and magazines on Asian Art and Antiques, with a very fine knowledge and interest in netsuke publications. http://www.paragonbook.com
  5. Norman L. Sandfield Library of Netsuke and Asian Art at the Toledo Museum of Art Research Library (Toledo, Ohio). More than 4,000 volumes on netsuke and related arts, most in open stacks. https://www.toledomuseum.org/education/reference-library
  6. The Netsuke Online Research Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to the study and research of netsuke art through the Netsuke Online Research Center. http://netsukeonline.org and http://world-of-netsuke.com/netsuke-resources-online-2
  7. Daruma Magazine Japanese Glossary, with almost 650 names, words, and terms: https://www.darumamagazine.com/new-index Ceased publication in 2011 with Issue #70.
  8. youtube.com has about 627 results for "netsuke" https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=netsuke
  9. bing.com/images, Microsoft's search engine. Search for "netsuke" shows "53,900 results." bing.com/images
  10. "Netsuke," from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netsuke
  11. http://netsukenow.blogspot.com "Netsuke Now, and whatever else stirs in the art world" by Freda Kvesic (Glasgow, Scotland)
  12. Museums with Asian Art Collections Online. Part of Online Museum Resources on Asian Art. (95/153 institutions listed. Collection-size categorization in this section refers only to a museum's ONLINE collection of digitized images). http://afemuseums.easia.columbia.edu/cgi-bin/museums/search.cgi/museums_comprehensive
  13. VCM - Virtual Collection of Masterpieces: "33 museums from Asia and 38 from Europe have contributed approximately 1,400 masterpieces to the Virtual Collection of Masterpieces (VCM). This web-accessible selection of images and accompanying information on Asian masterpieces from Asian and European museums is a fantastic search tool for people from various levels interested in Asian art and cultural history. The VCM project promotes mutual understanding and appreciation between the peoples of Asia and Europe, specifically through the use of works of art and culture." 14 netsuke and inro are shown. http://masterpieces.asemus.museum/masterpieces.aspx
  14. Bridgeman Art Library International, 65 East 93rd Street, New York, NY. 153 images for netsuke (from other institutions) online, placeholders indicate where images will be, but they are not yet online. www.bridgemanart.com
  15. WorldImages. The internationally recognized WorldImages database provides access to the California State University IMAGE Project. It has just been selected by the Library of Congress for inclusion in its historic collection of Internet materials. It contains approximately 80,000 images, is global in coverage and includes all areas of visual imagery. The images can be located using many search techniques on the left-hand toolbar, from QuickSearch to Advanced and ADA Searches. For convenience the images are organized into more than 800 portfolios that appear alphabetically in the Portfolio List. You can use them or explore the database using Browse Collections. Here the portfolios are hierarchically organized beginning with continents and subject grouping. Currently 13 images of netsuke and/or inro are shown. http://worldimages.sjsu.edu
  16. The AMICA Library (Art Museum Images from Cartography Associates) "documents over 108,000 works of art; a growing online collection of high-quality, digital documentation of works of art from around the world." Virtually all of the 404 netsuke illustrated online are from Los Angeles County Museum of Art. http://amica.davidrumsey.com or http://www.davidrumsey.com/amica
  17. Edmund de Waal Netsuke Gallery, from the book: The Hare With Amber Eyes (2010). Since none of the netsuke were illustrated in the first editions of this non-fiction book, he shows 31 of the total of 264 of them online. http://www.edmunddewaal.com/hare_with_amber_eyes/hare_netsuke_gallery.html
  18. Norman L. Sandfield's home page, home of several major research resources: The Ultimate Netsuke Bibliography (TUNB); the Netsuke Image Gallery; Fuld's Netsuke and Ojime Index (FNOI); Authority File for Netsuke Authors; Images of Netsuke in Prints. www.internetsuke.com
  19. Artfact "places the auction world at your fingertips. Browse and bid online in live auctions—art auctions, estate auctions, antique auctions and collectibles auctions—all at your favorite auction houses around the world. Browse hundreds of upcoming live auctions or search for your favorite auction items upcoming or sold at auction." Includes for netsuke: "249 lots returned of approx. 99,327 available," from the 62 million auction price results available. www.artfact.com

Chapter 3. ASIA, JAPAN (32-42 museums; UNSURE Japanese Museums at end)


  1. Fukuoka City Museum (Fukuoka, Japan). http://museum.city.fukuoka.jp
  2. Gifu City Museum of History / Gifu-ken Hakubutsukan (Gifu Museum of Fine Art) (Gifu, Japan). http://www.pref.gifu.lg.jp/pref/s27213/english/etop.html
  3. Kure City Art Museum: a Netsuke display in Kure at the moment. 3/1 - 3/30 [posted March 2014].
  4. The Museum of Imperial Collections (Sannomaru Shozokan or Sanno Shokozan). The Sannomaru-Sho-zo-kan, on the grounds of the East Garden of Tokyo Imperial Palace. Courtly Arts from the Imperial Collections. Meiji period pieces from the Imperial collection, including Japanese metalwork and ivory, as well as earlier lacquer, calligraphy and painting. http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e-culture/sannomaru/sannomaru.html
  5. Naito Memorial Medicine Museum. ?? The Naito Museum of Pharmaceutical Science and Industry. A variety of inro. http://www.eisai.co.jp/museum/english/index.html ??
  6. Nara National Museum (Nara Teishitsu Museum, previously: Nara Imperial Museum ??). http://www.narahaku.go.jp
  7. Nezu Museum. The museum houses inro and netsuke. (Address: 6-5-1 Minami Aoyama, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0062. Tel: 03-3400-2536). http://www.nezu-muse.or.jp
  8. Sano Art Museum (Details of collection unknown). http://www.sanobi.or.jp Japanese text.
  9. Tawara Museum of Ashiya. (Yatate = portable writing implements). Book on the subject. (Address: 6-1 Tsukiwaka-cho, Ashiya-shi, Hyogo; Phone: 0797-23-2878; Access: From Hankyu Railway Ashiyagawa Station: 3 minutes on foot). http://www.tawara-museum.or.jp/e/e_access.html
  10. Seikado Bunko Art Museum (Seikado Bunko Bijutsukan). The museum has inro and netsuke. Published a catalog of their inro and netsuke to mark their first showing of those items. (Address: 2-23-1 Okamoto, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 157-0076. Tel: 03-3700-0007). http://www.seikado.or.jp
  11. (Hida) Takayama Museum of Local History (Kyodokan). A traditional dozo (storehouse) has been made into a museum that displays historical information and other significant crafts and traditions of the region. Details of netsuke collection unknown. No website found.
  12. Tsubame City Industrial Museum / Tsubame Municipal Museum of Industry (Tsubame-shi Sangyo Shiryokan) (Tsubame-shi). Seijiro Maruyama Collection donated 100 kiseru (pipes), 50 tobacco pouches with kiseruzutsu (pipe cases) and/or netsuke, and 12 yatate. No website found.
  13. Museum Yamato Bunkakan (Nara). 2 netsuke and 2 inro, maybe more on display? (Street address: 1-11-6 Gakuen-minami, Nara-shi, Nara-ken 631-0034. Telephone: 81 (0) 742 450544, Fax: 81 (0) 742 492929). http://www.kintetsu.jp/kouhou/yamato


  1. National Museum of Japanese History (Rekihaku). The museum houses inro and netsuke from Makino collection. (Address: 117 Jonai-cho, Sakura-shi, Chiba 285-8502. Tel: 043-486-0123). http://www.rekihaku.ac.jp


  1. Equine Museum of Japan (Uma no Hakubutsukan). The museum has a number of horse netsuke and inro. Three publications. (Address: 1-3 Negishidai, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 231-0853. Tel: 045-662-7581). http://www.merit5.co.jp/citylifenews/culture/horses/horses.html
  2. Kanagawa Prefectural Museum [of Cultural History ??] (Yokohama). nh.kanagawa-museum.jp


  1. Kakegawa Ninomaru Museum of Art (Kakegawa-shi Ninomaru Bijutsukan). The museum houses Kinoshita collection of tobacco implements, and often put them on display. Inro, Pipes, Pipe Cases and Tobacco Pouches. Several catalogs available. (Address: 1142-1 Kakegawa, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka 436-0079. Tel: 0537-62-2061). No website found.


  1. Suzaka City Museum. The museum houses netsuke and inro. They published a catalog of a special exhibition with netsuke and inro. Available for viewing on appointment. (Address: 2-4-1 Garyu, Suzaka-shi, Nagano 382-0028. Tel: 026-245-0407). No website found. [Suzuka??]


  1. The Tokugawa Art Museum (Tokugawa Bijutsukan). The museum houses Owari-Tokugawa family's collection of inro and netsuke. (Address: 1017 Tokugawa-cho, Higashi-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi 461-0023. Tel: 052-935-6269 (recorded guidance)). http://www.tokugawa-art-museum.jp
  2. Nagoya City Museum. Details of collection unknown. http://www.mms-net.com/ncm


  1. Osaka Municipal Museum of Art (Osaka Shiritsu Bijutsukan Zohin Zuroku). 10 sets of inro and netsuke, 750 netsuke, 492 inro, 20 ojime, 255 pipecases, 38 tobacco boxes, 5 other related items; including the Casal collection of netsuke, inro, pipe cases and various lacquerware. Netsuke are sometimes on view as part of their permanent display. Several Casal collection catalogs of netsuke and lacquerware are available, including: Casal Collection: (I) Inro or Medicine Boxes, (II) Makie Bungu (Lacquer Stationery Box). 37 pages of text; illustrating 200 inro. Collection developed by Ugo Alfons Casal (1888-1968), the Italian-born Swiss folklorist, scholar and collector of Japanese art who lived in Kobe from 1912 until his death in 1964. (Address: 1-82 Chausuyama-cho, Tennoji-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 543-0063. Tel: 06-6771-4874). http://osaka-art.info-museum.net


  1. Kiyomizu Sannenzaka Museum. The museum has netsuke and inro, which are sometimes on view; keeper of perhaps the world's finest collection of antique Japanese smoking paraphernalia. (Address: 337-1 Kiyomizu-sanchome, Sanneizaka Kita-iru, Kiyomizudera-monzen, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 605-0862. Tel: 075-532-4270). http://www.sannenzaka-museum.co.jp and in English: http://sannenzaka-museum.co.jp/en
  2. Kyoto National Museum (Previously the Imperial Museum of Kyoto). https://www.kyohaku.go.jp/eng/index.html
  3. Kyoto Seishu Netsuke Art Museum. The only museum in Japan dedicated to netsuke. From a total of about 1,500 netsuke, about 800 works of netsuke, mostly contemporary, are displayed in the only existing samurai residence in the city of Kyoto. This museum is available for viewing only during four limited periods in a year. Following up the fine books on the overall collection, the owner (Mr. Kinoshita) is publishing a continuing series of privately published catalogs on individual contemporary netsuke artists. (Address: 46-1 Mibukayogosho-cho, Chukyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 604-8811). http://www.netsukekan.jp/english/index.html


  1. Inro Museum — CLOSED! At least 5 years ago. Ignore the many web sites on the Internet that still list it as open. There are a couple of other small museums in Takayama that do have a few netsuke on display, as well as a couple of other nice small museums, including a Shishimai Mask Museum and a Karakuri Puppet Museum, both in one building.


  1. Iwate Prefectural Museum. The museum houses a large number of sword fittings. The Chida collection of 1,072 sword guards, Motomochi collection of 768 tsuba, and 10 more tsuba, as well as some fuchi-kashira and kozuka. (Address: 34 Aza Matsuyashiki, Ueda, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-0102. Tel: 019-661-2831). https://www.pref.iwate.jp/~hp0910/english


  1. Tobacco and Salt Museum (Tabako to Shio no Hakubutsukan). Collection of tobacco pouches assembled by the rakugo (comic story) teller Katsura Bunraku VIII. The museum sometimes displays items such as netsuke and tobacco pouches. The Museum has published about 15 tobacco-related catalogs, including some with netsuke and tobacco pouches and pipes. (Address: 1-16-8 Jinnan, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-0041. Tel: 03-3476-2041). http://www.jtnet.ad.jp/WWW/JT/Culture/museum/WelcomeJ.html
  2. Tokyo-to Bijutsukan (Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum). May have been a loan exhibit only? https://www.teien-art-museum.ne.jp/en
  3. Tokyo National Museum (Tokyo Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan). About 100 sets of inro and netsuke, 480 netsuke, a few inro, about 10 related items; netsuke and inro mainly from the Baron Go collection. Some netsuke are on permanent display. A complete catalogue of the collection of 108 inro and 568 netsuke, 675 items; with photos of signatures, in Japanese and Japanese versions. Arakawa, Hirokazu, (1929- ), Netsuke, Go Korekusho, Tokyo Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan (Netsuke, Go Collection, Owned by Tokyo National Museum). Called the Imperial Museum in 1886 and the Tokyo Imperial Household Museum in 1900, until it was given its present title in 1947. The collection of 272 pieces donated by Baron Go Seinosuke (1865-1942) to the Imperial Household Museum, and now housed at the Tokyo National Museum. Also, see: Arts and Crafts Division of the Tokyo Imperial Museum. November 1, 2011: "Princess Takamado donates [extensive] netsuke collection to museum." https://www.tnm.jp/?lang=en
  4. The University Art Museum, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music. The institution has 38 works of antique and contemporary netsuke. (Address: 12-8 Ueno Park, Taito-ku Tokyo 110-0007. Tel: 03-5685-7744). http://www.geidai.ac.jp/museum/news/news_en.htm
  5. Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music (Tokyo Geijutsu Daigaku). Tokyo, Japan: Geijutsu Kenkyu Shinko Zaidan (Art Study Promotion Foundation). 71 netsuke from the University collection, and 38 contemporary netsuke which were presented to the University. Only 1 netsuke listed online. http://www.geidai.ac.jp/english


  1. Omine Kaoru Art Museum (Ryukyu Shikki, Naha, Okinawa). Six inro are shown. No website found.

UNSURE Japanese Museums

  1. Sawanoi Museum of Traditional Japanese Hair Ornaments (Sawanoi Kushi Kanzashi Bijutsu-kan). http://kushikanzashi.jp
  2. Suntory Museum (Suntory Bijutsukan) (Tokyo). The catalogue of the exhibition, March 10 - April 19, 1998. Japanese text. ????? UNLIKELY! https://www.suntory.com/culture-sports/sma
  3. Various, "Edo no Kotto (The Antiques of Edo)." The Antiku, Arts & Crafts (The Antique, Arts & Crafts), 1990. 6: Tokyo, Japan. April 16, 1990. Japanese text. (Netsuke that were brought over to America, the exhibition of netsuke at Folk Museum of Ota City (Tokyo, Japan)). UNLIKELY! http://www.tourism.metro.tokyo.jp/english/tourists/spot/area_spot/area_spot/area_spot17.html#ota1
  4. Hoseki no Shiki (Four Seasons of Jewelry), 1999 (147, October / November): Paperbound; eight gold rings on the cover. Bimonthly magazine of jewelry. October 1, 1999. List of Museums which have netsuke collections.
  5. ** Shoto Museum of Art in Tokyo, to reproduce their entire archive listing of Japanese artists active during this period. All the various signature marks are reproduced alongside the English translation. https://www.city.shibuya.tokyo.jp/eng/est/shoto.html
  6. Shosha Art & Craft Museum (Himeji-shi Shosha no Sato Bijutsu Kogeikan). Yatate. No website found.
  7. Kyoto Arashiyama Art Museum. Tetsu to Urushi no Geijutsu: Kyoto Arashiyama Mijutsukan Zohishu (Arts of Lacquer and Metal from Arashiyama Art Museum). 1986, Kyoto, Japan. Paperback; 130 pages; color plates; inro, pages 83; 85. Japanese text.
  8. Kokusho Somokuroku (Complete Index of National Books). 1963-1976, Tokyo, Japan: Iwanami Shoten. Japanese text. This is a bibliography of pre-Meiji Japanese publications, including record of ownership in Japanese Museums, institutions and important private collections. Referenced by Heinz Kress, Inro Motifs. ????
  9. The Gotoh Museum (Goto Bijutsukan). (Blossoms in Black and Gold: Lacquerware by Yoyusai). 1999, Tokyo, Japan. Catalog for the special exhibition at the Gotoh Museum. http://www.gotoh-museum.or.jp
  10. ** Roberts, Laurance P. (1907-2002), Roberts' Guide to Japanese Museums of Art and Archaeology. Revised Edition. 1987, Tokyo, Japan: Simul Press. 347 Museums in alphabetical order with basic data and critical descriptions of each collection. An update of the 1967 book.

Chapter 4. OTHER ASIA (1)


  1. Prince of Wales Museum of Western India (Bombay). 36 sets of inro and netsuke, 97 inro, 13 netsuke. https://bombaymuseum.org

Chapter 5. NORTH AMERICA (89)



  1. Huntsville Museum of Art. 5 sets of inro and netsuke, 80-90 netsuke, 5 inro, 20 ojime, 20 related items. https://www.hsvmuseum.org


  1. The Bead Museum (Glendale). It's not just beads, it's art, history and culture! A unique repository of the nation's broadest collection of beads and beaded artifacts, including some fine ojime. Closed March 12, 2011 - The Bead Museum is donating its entire collection of beads and beaded objects to Mingei International Museum in San Diego. https://mingei.org
  2. Phoenix Art Museum. 15 netsuke, 1 inro. https://phxart.org


  1. Asian Art Museum of San Francisco (Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Art and Culture). 123 sets of inro and netsuke on view, from 1,500+ netsuke, 30+ inro, 50+ related items. Moved from Golden Gate Park to downtown. Contains thousands of items from The Avery Brundage Collection. Some are on display. (Address: 200 Larkin Street, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA. Tel: 415-581-3500). https://asianart.org
  2. The Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology (formerly the Lowie Museum of Anthropology) (University of California, Berkeley). The Tompkins' 129 netsuke complements earlier collections by Phoebe Hearst, Albert Bender, Geraldine Robson, and others, giving the Hearst a particularly fine collection of 740 netsuke. Also has okimono. https://hearstmuseum.berkeley.edu
  3. California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco). Japanese ivory carvings that were donated to the Museum by Arthur Huntington in the late 1920's. Includes okimono and netsuke. https://www.famsf.org
  4. The Cantor Art Center (Stanford University Museum of Art??), Stanford University. 113 netsuke, 6 related items. The art center houses some 1,000 works of netsuke. (Address: Stanford Campus at 328 Lomita Drive and Museum Way (off Palm Drive), Stanford, CA, USA. Tel: 650-723-4177). https://museum.stanford.edu
  5. Francis E. Fowler Jr. Museum at UCLA (Los Angeles). Details of collection unknown. Ivories. https://fowler.ucla.edu
  6. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. The museum houses approximately 900 works of netsuke, mainly from Bushell collection (Prior to Bushell, they had 50 sets of inro and netsuke, 300 netsuke, 75 inro, 60 ojime, and 5 related items), with a rotating display of about 150 netsuke always on view. Published a large catalog of Bushell collection in 2003. Database of the museum collection including netsuke can be viewed on the internet. [REF: Goodall, Hollis, et al., The Raymond and Frances Bushell Collection of Netsuke; A Legacy at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Illustrated reference of 535 artists' signatures. All of the research and information on these netsuke has been reviewed and updated. Raymond Bushell was considered one of the foremost experts on netsuke in the world, and the works he and his wife, Frances, gave to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art are a distillation of the finest netsuke collection ever formed.] On appointment, the Japanese pavilion's library makes available the large collection of netsuke-related publications assembled by Mr. Cornelius V. S. Roosevelt. (Address: 5905 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90036, USA. Tel: 323-857-6000). https://www.lacma.org
  7. Loyola Marymount University. LMU Library has Netsuke from The Robert and Miriam Kinsey Collection; The Department of Archives and Special Collections, Von der Ahe Library Atrium, houses the netsuke themselves. (Address: 1 LMU Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90045-2659, USA). https://www.lmu.edu
  8. Mills College Art Museum / Mills College The Art Gallery. (5000 MacArthur Boulevard, Oakland, CA 94613, USA. Tel: 510-430-2164). https://mcam.mills.edu
  9. Mingei International Museum, North Country Satellite. The Bead Museum (Glendale, AZ) was a unique repository of the nation's broadest collection of beads and beaded artifacts, including some fine ojime. It closed March 12, 2011, and donated its entire collection of beads and beaded objects to Mingei International Museum. (Address: Balboa Park - San Diego, 1439 El Prado - on the Plaza de Panama, San Diego, CA 92101, USA. Tel: 619-239-0003). https://mingei.org/visit
  10. Pacific-Asia Museum (Pasadena). 200 netsuke, 3-4 inro, 150-200 ojime, 10-12 related items. http://www.pacificasiamuseum.org
  11. The San Diego Museum of Art. Rumored to have "a number of netsuke." Balboa Park. https://www.sdmart.org
  12. Santa Barbara Museum of Art. 2 sets of inro and netsuke, 45 netsuke; Japanese lacquer and Japanese inro. https://www.sbma.net
  13. University of California Art Museum (Berkeley). List of 234 items, netsuke and other artwork, allegedly stolen from the University Museum by a researcher. https://bampfa.org

UNKNOWN San Francisco Museum(s):

  1. San Francisco Museum (unidentified). Collection of Netsukes. 1940. It is unclear which Museum this is. See the discussion of the history of San Francisco Museum names under the Ney Wolfskill Collection, TUNB # 1430 and # 1741. ALSO: Jay, John, "Wood and Ivory Carvings at the Park Museum," in The San Francisco Chronicle. 1897: San Francisco, California.
  2. Wolfskill, Ney (1872-1936), The Palace of Fine Arts, and Golden Gate Park Museum, Catalogue of Netsuke: Ney Wolfskill Loan Collection. 1916, 1918, San Francisco, California: There is an interesting conflict in both the publication date and the Museum name, which was found when comparing various copies of this book: On the title page of some copies of the book, there is a cut-out piece of printed paper which is glued over the original printed text. Other copies of the catalog do not have this added pasted-on label. The original publication information underneath reads: "Japanese Section / Golden Gate Park Museum / San Francisco / 1916." In the copy at LACMA, the following publication information is printed on the added paper: "Japanese Section / Golden Gate Museum / San Francisco / 1918." In Sandfield's copy the added paper reads: "Oriental Department / The Palace of Fine Arts / San Francisco, 1918." It is possible that the show was held at the Palace of Fine Arts again in 1918 and that the same catalogue was used, but given a new publication date. The Golden Gate Park Museum preceded the deYoung Museum next door in Golden Gate Park. The Palace of Fine Arts was built in 1915. Currently, the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco is in fact two organizations: the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and the DeYoung Memorial Museum. The new Asian Art Museum opened in downtown San Francisco in 2003.


  1. Denver Art Museum (Lutz Bamboo Collection). Includes netsuke and inro. https://www.denverartmuseum.org/en


  1. Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven). 6 sets of inro and netsuke, 10 netsuke, 2 inro; not often exhibited. https://artgallery.yale.edu


  1. The Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens (Jacksonville). More than 54 sets of inro and netsuke in the Front Hall; about 170 netsuke in the Oriental Gallery. September 23, 2011: ". . . displays about nine hundred netsuke; the collection of the late Morton Hirschberg." https://www.cummermuseum.org
  2. Florida State University Museum of Fine Arts. https://mofa.fsu.edu
  3. The Fort Lauderdale Museum of the Arts (Fort Lauderdale). https://nsuartmuseum.org
  4. Lowe Art Museum (University of Miami, Coral Gables). Collection of Charles Dawe. ". . . has a fine, permanent collection of netsuke." https://www.lowe.miami.edu
  5. The Tampa Museum. Loan exhibit only?? https://tampamuseum.org


  1. Honolulu Academy of Arts (Honolulu). 53 netsuke. https://honolulumuseum.org


  1. Art Institute of Chicago. 300 netsuke, 300-500 inro. The Japanese Galleries were remodeled in 2010; unknown how many of their netsuke and inro will be exhibited. 60 inro with ojime and netsuke mentioned in 1919. The ojime are for the most part carved gold and silver. Presented by Mrs. George T. Smith, 1907. https://www.artic.edu
  2. Field Museum (of Natural History) (Chicago). The important Bieber Collection of Chinese toggles was taken down several years ago. The Inro and netsuke exhibit (Japanese Lacquer Wares: 60 sets of inro and netsuke from the Carl and Jeanette Kroch Collection. Also acquired a gift of 150 netsuke) was removed in 2010. https://www.fieldmuseum.org
  3. State of Illinois Museum (Springfield). 25 or 150 sets of inro and netsuke. From the [Thomas] Condell Collection of Oriental Art. See The Condell Collection of Oriental Art, by Frances Summers Ridgely. While many of these inro were on loan to the Byer Museum of the Arts, in the Chicago suburb of Evanston, Illinois, a fire broke out destroying or damaging most of the Museum and much of its exhibits. Many of the inro suffered smoke damage, while others cracked due to the heat, some more seriously than others. https://illinoisstatemuseum.org


  1. Evansville Museum of Arts and Science. 15 netsuke, 7 inro. https://emuseum.org


  1. Putnam Museum (Davenport). 23 netsuke, 2 inro, 6 ojime, 5 pipecases. https://www.putnam.org


  1. Spencer Museum of Art (University of Kansas, Lawrence). Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art. 15 sets of inro and netsuke, 57 netsuke, 4 inro; not often on display. https://www.spencerart.ku.edu


  1. Bowdoin College Museum of Art (Brunswick, Maine). https://www.bowdoin.edu/art-museum


  1. The Evergreen Museum and Library (House/Home), part of Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore). Has the Garrett Collection, of Japanese Art: Lacquer, Inro and Netsuke. 180 sets of inro and netsuke, 320 netsuke; includes a large collection of mask netsuke; and about 140 pouches and related items. https://museums.jhu.edu/evergreen-museum-library
  2. The Walters Art Museum (Baltimore). 393 Japanese Lacquers, including 162 inro, mostly with netsuke; including 120 inro with netsuke and ojime; earlier inventory: 123 sets of inro and netsuke, 250 netsuke, 140 pouches and non-lacquer inro; minimal number on display. https://thewalters.org


  1. The Framingham History Center (previously the Framingham Historical and Natural History Society) (Framingham). Japanese collection is in storage, in 1987. https://framinghamhistory.org
  2. George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum (Springfield). 41 sets of inro and netsuke; 81 netsuke, 9 inro, 18 ojime, and 19 related items; many usually on display. http://springfieldmuseums.org/about/smith-art-museum
  3. Mount Holyoke College Art Museum (Lower Lake Road, South Hadley). 250 netsuke, 10 inro; 100-220 pieces from the Museum's permanent collection. https://artmuseum.mtholyoke.edu
  4. Museum of Fine Arts (Boston). Permanent display of netsuke available. Catalog was published to accompany the exhibition in 2001; many of which were on loan. (Address: Avenue of Arts, 465 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115-5597, USA. Tel: 617-267-9300). https://www.mfa.org 1,066 netsuke and 544 inro are online at: https://collections.mfa.org/search/objects/*/netsuke Although as of February 28, 2011, no photos accompany the results.
  5. Peabody Essex Museum (Salem). The museum has about 650 inro and netsuke plus some related items. (Address: East India Square, 161 Essex Street, Salem, MA 01970-3783, USA. Tel: 978-745-9500). Also, Netsuke from the Collection of the Peabody Museum of Salem, 1983. Most of the netsuke illustrated in the Stillman / Watty translation (from German to English) and adaption of Albert Edward Brockhaus' book Netsuke, are from Stillman's collection, and are now housed in the Peabody Museum of Salem, Massachusetts. Some of the 171 netsuke belonging to the Peabody Museum were stolen while on loan to the Pacific Asia Museum in Pasadena, California, on May 14, 1983. A reward is offered. https://pem.org
  6. Worcester Art Museum (Worcester). 50 netsuke, 10-15 inro, 5 pipecases. https://www.worcesterart.org


  1. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Michigan's Museum of Natural History. Unknown collection; not listed online. https://science.cranbrook.edu
  2. Detroit Institute of Arts. 25 netsuke, 15 inro. https://dia.org
  3. Flint Institute of Arts (Flint). 26 netsuke, 4 inro, 15 ojime, 3 pipecases. https://flintarts.org
  4. Museum of Anthropological Archaeology (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor). https://lsa.umich.edu/ummaa


  1. St. Louis Art Museum. 40 sets of inro and netsuke, 80 netsuke; or 2,200 netsuke in the collection. https://www.slam.org
  2. St. Louis University Museum of Art. Treasured Jade; two netsuke illustrated, ivories. https://www.slu.edu/sluma
  3. Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum (Washington University, St. Louis). Now part of Washington University in St. Louis. Previously called the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts. Charles Parsons donated his netsuke, okimono, and other Japanese collection in 1905. 32 ivory netsuke illustrated online. https://www.kemperartmuseum.wustl.edu
  4. Museum of Anthropology (University of Missouri, Columbia). 13 netsuke and 12 okimono illustrated online. One of the first non-commercial Internet Museum sites listing and showing netsuke, in December 2002. https://anthromuseum.missouri.edu Museum Online: The Bowser Ivories. https://anthromuseum.missouri.edu/online/ivory/ivory.shtml


  1. Joslyn Art Museum (Omaha). 40 netsuke and inro viewable online. Approximately 239 sets of netsuke and inro. https://www.joslyn.org


  1. The Newark Museum. 90 sets of inro and netsuke, 859 individual netsuke, 20 inro, 250 ojime, 53 related items. Display unknown. Netsuke and many ojime from the (Herman and Paul) Jaehne Collection of Japanese netsuke and ojime, acquired in 1938, "one of the largest and finest aggregations in the country. . ." https://newarkmuseumart.org
  2. Princeton University Art Museum. William Horace Morse Collection. 3 netsuke illustrated online. https://artmuseum.princeton.edu


  1. Museum of New Mexico (Santa Fe). Chinese Toggles?? http://www.museumofnewmexico.org ???


  1. American Museum of Natural History (New York City). 89 sets of inro and netsuke, 532 netsuke, 92 inro, 91 ojime. Many on permanent display??. From a total of more than 55,000 objects and textiles online: 530 netsuke, 93 inro, and 90 ojime, are online at: http://anthro.amnh.org/anthropology/databases/common/public_access.cfm?database=asia. and https://www.amnh.org
  2. Brooklyn Museum. At least 43 items illustrated online. https://www.brooklynmuseum.org
  3. Buffalo Museum of Science. https://www.sciencebuff.org ????
  4. Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art (Cornell University, Ithaca). 210 netsuke and 13 inro viewable online. https://museum.cornell.edu
  5. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House (Rochester, NY). More than 100 mixed netsuke-related items. https://www.eastman.org
  6. Memorial Art Gallery (University of Rochester). Owns a few netsuke. https://mag.rochester.edu
  7. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 607 sets of inro and netsuke, 1,180 (2,250?) netsuke, 106 related items; Some items on display. "Japanese Netsukes in Art Museum; Mrs. Russell Sage's Gift Contains 2,546 Specimens [netsuke] of Marvelously Carved Trinkets," in New York Times. (1911). See book by Barbara Okada. Many on display. (Address: 1000 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10028-0198, USA. Tel: 212-535-7710). https://www.metmuseum.org

    February 28, 2011: Metropolitan Museum in NY currently has 10 inro sets on display out of 1,039 netsuke and 543 inro in their register. Here are the links to their on-line catalogs:



  8. Strong National Museum of Play, previously the Margaret Woodbury Strong Museum (Rochester). 245 netsuke, 50 inro, 445 yatate, more related items, Japanese Sagemono, many on display, years ago ?? https://www.museumofplay.org
  9. Rochester Museum and Science Center. 200 Netsuke. https://rmsc.org


  1. Allen Memorial Art Museum (Oberlin). 80 netsuke, some inro, 21 tobacco pouches. https://amam.oberlin.edu
  2. Columbus Museum of Art. 12 netsuke, 12 inro, 12 ojime, 12 pipecases. https://www.columbusmuseum.org
  3. Dayton Art Institute. 25 netsuke, 4 inro. https://www.daytonartinstitute.org
  4. Sandusky Area Cultural Center. http://www.sanduskyculturalcenter.org
  5. Toledo Museum of Art. 90 sets of inro, 132 netsuke, plus 226 ceramic netsuke from Richard R. Silverman; most on public display and in the adjacent Open Storage. The museum's Library received more than 4,500 netsuke-related publications assembled by Norman L. Sandfield who compiled The Ultimate Netsuke Bibliography, making the books and their database available for public use. ?? AsianArt.Com - Selections from the Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio Toledo Museum of Art Library. ALSO in the netsuke gallery: Silverman, Richard R. Documentary Study Sheets. 500 - 600 pages; one page for each netsuke on display or in the open storage drawers; 156 netsuke, 100 ojime, 100 inro. A video of Ms. Putney discussing the ceramic netsuke can be viewed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6demGQkQZE. (Address: 2445 Monroe Street, Toledo, OH 43620, USA. Tel: 419-255-8000). https://www.toledomuseum.org


  1. The Hallie Ford Museum of Art (Willamette University, Salem). Collection includes Japanese netsuke. (Address: 700 State Street, Salem, OR 97301, USA. Tel: 503-370-6855). https://willamette.edu/arts/hfma/collections/asian/index.html
  2. University of Oregon Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art (Eugene). Collection of Oriental Art. 3 sets of inro and netsuke, 46 netsuke, 5 inro, 3 related items. Some on display? https://jsma.uoregon.edu


  1. The Everhart Museum of Natural History, Science & Art (Scranton). 11 netsuke, 7 inro, 8 ojime. https://everhart-museum.org
  2. Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, previously the Free Museum of Science and Art (The Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia). Lists many netsuke and inro. ?? "The T. Broom Belfield Collection of 634 Japanese Netsuke," given to the Museum. https://www.penn.museum
  3. Philadelphia Maritime Museum. "The Tale of the Mermaid." https://www.phillyseaport.org
  4. Sordoni Art Gallery (Wilkes College, Wilkes-Barre). Collections previously formed by Senator Andrew J. Sordoni. Sordoni's collection is now part of the Brozman Collection. https://www.wilkes.edu/about-wilkes/arts/sordoni-art-gallery/index.aspx


  1. Rhode Island School of Design (Providence). 12 sets of inro and netsuke, 57 netsuke, 5 inro. https://www.risd.edu


  1. The Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art (The University of Texas at Austin), previously The Huntington Museum (Archer M. Huntington). No netsuke or related items found on website. https://blantonmuseum.org
  2. San Antonio Museum of Art. 10 netsuke, 10 inro, 3 ojime. https://www.samuseum.org


  1. Fairbanks Museum and Planetarium (St. Johnsbury). 5 sets of inro and netsuke, 115 netsuke, other related items. https://fairbanksmuseum.org


  1. Hermitage Museum and Gardens (Norfolk). 10 sets of inro and netsuke, 12 netsuke. https://thehermitagemuseum.org
  2. (Joseph and Margaret) Muscarelle Museum of Art (College of William and Mary, Williamsburg). 25 netsuke, 7 okimono. https://muscarelle.wm.edu


  1. Seattle Art Museum. 229 netsuke, 16 inro. Chinese and Japanese lacquers, including writing boxes, inro, and furniture. Most netsuke not currently on display during renovation. https://www.seattleartmuseum.org Search to see about 90 netsuke and 40 inro listed online at: https://art.seattleartmuseum.org/collections
  2. Tacoma Art Museum. 60 netsuke, 4 inro. https://www.tacomaartmuseum.org


  1. Anderson House - The Society of The Cincinnati. 10 netsuke, 8 inro. https://www.societyofthecincinnati.org/what-to-do
  2. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the Smithsonian's National Museum of Asian Art. Smithsonian Museum. The U.S. National Museum. Find Analysis of Inlays on Japanese Netsuke Using Raman Spectroscopy, FTIR, and Visual Examination Techniques, by Odile MADDEN, Christine DROSSE, Ashley JOHNSON, and Marc WALTON, at: http://www.asia.si.edu/research/ForbesProceedings2007.asp (Inro). https://www.si.edu and https://asia.si.edu/explore-art-culture/collections


  1. Milwaukee Art Museum. No details available currently; some reputedly on display. (Address: 700 N. Art Museum Drive, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA. Tel: 414-224-3200, Fax: 414-271-7588, Email: mam@mam.org). https://mam.org
  2. Wright Museum of Art (Beloit College, Beloit). 6 sets of inro and netsuke, 75 netsuke, 2 ojime, 1 tobacco case. https://www.beloit.edu/wright


  1. University of Wyoming Art Museum (Laramie). Home of the Shelton collection of 250 ?? netsuke by mid 20th century netsuke artist Ichiro. This is the largest known collection of netsuke by a single netsuke artist in a public museum. Not always on display. https://www.uwyo.edu/artmuseum


  1. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (Victoria, British Columbia). 16 sets of inro and netsuke, 55 netsuke, 6 ojime, 2 related items. https://aggv.ca
  2. Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto, Ontario). 8 sets of inro and netsuke, 94 netsuke, 30 inro, 5 ojime, 3 related items. REF: The Gould Collection of Netsuke, 122 pages; illustrations of 58 carefully selected netsuke (of the 212 in the exhibition). Irving Gould's large and comprehensive book on his collection. A beautifully produced catalog of one of the world's most exotic private collections of netsuke. https://www.rom.on.ca/en
  3. Vancouver Art Gallery (Vancouver, British Columbia). Netsuke https://www.vanartgallery.bc.ca

Chapter 6. EUROPE (89)


  1. The Museum of Ethnology (Museum fur Volkerkunde) (Vienna). Including 37 netsuke. http://webmuseen.de/museum-fuer-voelkerkunde-wien.html
  2. Osterreichisches Museum Fur Angewandte Kunst (MAK) (Vienna). 114 netsuke shown online, with close-up details and signatures. https://www.mak.at or https://sammlung.mak.at


  1. Royal Museums of Art and History (Musees Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire) (Brussels). About 25 sets of inro and netsuke, about 1,000 netsuke, about 270 inro, about 50 ojime, and 20 related items; rotating exhibits. https://www.kmkg-mrah.be/en


  1. The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Japanese Art, Meiji no Takara: Treasures of Imperial Japan, The Kibo Foundation (London). One of the most outstanding and comprehensive collections of Meiji art, comprising almost 800 works by most of the known masters from the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. Published lavish catalogs on Metalwork, Enamels, Lacquer, Ceramics, etc. https://www.khalilicollections.org/all-collections/japanese-art-of-the-meiji-period
  2. Ashmolean Museum (Oxford). 200 sets of inro and netsuke, 120 netsuke, some ojime and 30 related items. https://www.ashmolean.org
  3. Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery of Greater Victoria. 50 sets of inro and netsuke, 150 netsuke, 10 inro; best examples on display. (BMAGiC is their online database). Official Catalogue (1886). https://www.birminghammuseums.org.uk/birmingham-museum-and-art-gallery
  4. The Bolton Museum [and Archive Service]. 45 netsuke images online, found in Search. https://www.boltonlams.co.uk
  5. The Bowes Museum of Japanese Artworks (Liverpool). This collection, including Japanese Lacquer, was dispersed and the current Bowes Museum, near Barnard Castle, Durham, is a separate entity. (Rogala, 2001). https://thebowesmuseum.org.uk No netsuke listed.
  6. Bristol (City) Museums / City of Bristol Museum & Art Gallery. https://www.bristol.gov.uk/residents/museums-parks-sports-and-culture/museums-and-galleries and https://www.bristolmuseums.org.uk/bristol-museum-and-art-gallery/
  7. The British Museum (London). 25 netsuke online. The museum has more than 2,000 netsuke (an extensive collection of some 3,300 netsuke.??) mostly from Mrs. Anne Hull Grundy collection. [Harris, Victor (1942- ), Netsuke: The Anne Hull Grundy Collection in the British Museum. 1987, London, England. Over 600 netsuke arranged by subject. Bibliography lists 10 articles written by Mrs. Grundy. AND: British Museum, Netsuke: The Miniature Sculpture of Japan. 1976, London, England. Checklist of 404 netsuke, and 11 donors. June, 1976. Permanent display of netsuke available. Also houses: Meinertzhagen, Frederick M. (1881-1962), MCI: The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum, Photographed and edited by George Lazarnick. Photographs of 5,000 cards which were hand written and hand drawn by Meinertzhagen. Also has the Kagetoshi Sketchbook. Undated (early 19th C). Sealed, but undated and unsigned. (Address: Great Russell Street, London, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7323 8000). https://www.britishmuseum.org
  8. Durham University Oriental Museum. Inro and netsuke. https://www.dur.ac.uk/things-to-do/venues/oriental-museum
  9. The Fitzwilliam Museum (Cambridge). The museum houses more than 500 netsuke from the 17th to 20th centuries. See the 11 best netsuke at: http://fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/gallery/netsuke/gallery/8. (Address: Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RB, UK. Tel: +44 (0)1223 332 900). https://fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk
  10. Horniman Museum and Gardens (London). 26 inro on permanent display. https://www.horniman.ac.uk
  11. The Laing Art Gallery (Newcastle Upon Tyne). 6 sets of inro and netsuke, 5 netsuke, 23 inro, 28 related items. https://laingartgallery.org.uk
  12. Leicestershire Museums, Art Galleries and Records Services (Leicester). 14 sets of inro and netsuke, 90 netsuke, 15 inro, 20 related items; some on exhibit. https://www.leicestermuseums.org or https://www.leicester.gov.uk/leisure-and-culture/museums-and-galleries
  13. Liverpool Museum Collection or National Museums Liverpool. Includes 7 Museums and Galleries. https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk
  14. Maidstone Museums and Art Gallery (Maidstone, Kent). About 250 sets of inro and netsuke, about 90 netsuke, about 70 inro, and some pipecases. https://museum.maidstone.gov.uk
  15. Manchester Museum / Whitworth Art Gallery (The University of Manchester). 46 inro and 23 netsuke. Most of the larger collection was stolen in 1975. https://www.whitworth.manchester.ac.uk
  16. Museum of the History of Science (Oxford). About 100 netsuke, some of medical interest. https://hsm.ox.ac.uk
  17. The National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside: Liverpool Museum. 26 sets of inro and netsuke, 396 netsuke, 105 ojime, 17 related items; no permanent display. "A new display of contemporary Japanese netsuke figures in the World Cultures gallery at World Museum Liverpool." https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk and https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmuseumsliverpool/sets/72157618955622974/detail and https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/online/exhibitions/animals/ivorynetsuke.asp
  18. Pitt Rivers Museum (University of Oxford). 1,299 sets of inro and netsuke, 1,254 netsuke, 45 inro, 30 related items. "Stolen from Oxford. 1966. Lists 53 unrecovered netsuke out of 191 stolen from the Dr. Hermann A. Gunther Collection." Also published: Penniman, Thomas Kenneth (1895- ), Pictures of Ivory and Other Animal Teeth, Bone and Antler; With a Brief Commentary on Their Use in Identification. https://www.prm.ox.ac.uk
  19. Royal Cornwall Museum. https://www.royalcornwallmuseum.org.uk
  20. Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum (Bournemouth). https://russellcotes.com
  21. Victoria and Albert Museum. The museum has more than 1,200 netsuke, 700 inro, and 30 related items. Approximately 75 netsuke are permanently displayed. Collection includes Zeshin's Calendar Inro set. A book on their inro and another book on netsuke, and a third on their masks, have been published. (Address: Cromwell Road, London SW7 2RL, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7942 2000). https://www.vam.ac.uk and https://collections.vam.ac.uk/search
  22. Warrington Museum and Art Gallery (Cheshire). 11 sets of inro and netsuke; 7 netsuke, 9 inro, 29 related items. https://wmag.culturewarrington.org
  23. World Museum Liverpool. The museum has netsuke. First, the Japan collection includes the collection donated by Liverpool collector, Randal Hibbert in 1942, which includes netsuke. More recently, 128 netsuke from the collection of the late Mr. Jonas Goro Gadelius (1926-2003) were donated by his widow Gabita. The donated pieces include contemporary works by Masatoshi, Birch, and Ryushi. Public display of netsuke began in 2009, and the display is refreshed each year. The installation of the first display can be seen at the following blog and its related link. (Address: William Brown Street, Liverpool L3 8EN, UK. Tel: +44 (0)151 478 4393). Blog: https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/stories/why-helen-stands-out-crowd Related link to photos at Flickr.com: https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmuseumsliverpool/sets/72157618955622974/ And see: https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/collections/world-cultures/asia/japancollection


  1. Naprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures (National Museum of Prague), which also houses the largest collection of Japanese art in the Czech Republic. 399 netsuke, 96 inro, 20 tobacco and sagemono, 10 okimono, 29 ojime, 30 related items; many permanently exhibited. PERLINK ?? https://www.nm.cz or http://www.nm.cz/sluzby-detail.php?f_id=32 or http://www.nm.cz/?xSET=lang&xLANG=2
  2. The Museum of Glass and Jewellery in Jablonec nad Nisou (Muzeum skla a bizuterie v Jablonci nad Nisou). Netsuke: One manju and one kagamibuta illustrated online. (Address: U Muzea 398/4, 466 01 Jablonec nad Nisou. Tel: +420 483 369 011). https://www.msb-jablonec.cz


  1. Guimet Museum (Paris). 100 sets of inro and netsuke. https://www.guimet.fr
  2. Labit Museum (Musee Georges Labit) (Toulouse). 13 sets of inro and netsuke, 110 netsuke, 3 inro, 3 related items. (Address: 17 Rue du Japon, 31400 Toulouse, France. Tel: 05 31 22 99 80). https://www.museegeorgeslabit.fr
  3. Musee Cernuschi; Museum of the Asia Arts of Paris. Has a collection of netsuke which was seen about twenty years ago. This collection is not mentioned on the museum's website, but it should still exist. Most of the Japanese objects in the Cernuschi Museum come from the collection of Henri Cernuschi (1821-1896). Cernuschi collected these objects during a long voyage through Asia between 1871 and 1873. (Address: 7 avenue Velasquez, 75008 Paris, France. Tel: 01 53 96 21 50, Fax: 01 53 96 21 96). https://www.cernuschi.paris.fr
  4. Musee d'Ennery (Paris). Mrs. Clemence d'Ennery died in 1894, creating this Museum which contains approximately 1,700 netsuke. Located at 59 Av Foch, 16th, Paris, and is open only limited hours. Dimly lit and closely packed; may need a torch/flashlight when visiting. https://parisjetaime.com/eng/culture/musee-d-ennery-p1019
  5. [Hotel ??] Dassault Museum (Paris). ????
  6. Paris Museum at Quai Branly (Musee du quai Branly). Dedicated to African and Asian indigenous culture and art. Uses Virtools solutions to create several highly interactive 3D applications, recreating the visitor experience and the display of the works of art. Information found. https://www.quaibranly.fr/en
  7. Museum of Decorative Arts (Paris). 550 sets of inro and netsuke, 438 netsuke, 112 inro. https://driehausmuseum.org
  8. Louvre Museum (Paris). Lacquer, including inro; some netsuke and inro on display; none online as of February 28, 2011. https://www.louvre.fr/en
  9. Conseil des Musees de Poitou-Charentes. A network of regional museums. https://www.alienor.org and https://www.alienor.org/recherche?query=netsuke


  1. Museum of Decorative Arts (Konigliches Museum of Arts and Crafts) (Konigliches Kunstgewerbemuseum, Konigliche Museen Zu Berlin Kunstgewerbe Museum) (Berlin). https://www.smb.museum/en/museums-institutions/kunstgewerbemuseum/home/
  2. Kunsthaus Am Museum (Cologne). https://www.kunsthaus.ch/en/
  3. Kunstpalast Museum (Düsseldorf). The Museum Kunst Palast was founded as Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf. Extensive netsuke collection of Professor Dr. Bruno Werdelmann, more than 1,100 items. https://www.kunstpalast.de/en
  4. Lacquer Museum BASF Lacke und Farben AG (Lackmuseum BASF Lacke und Farben AG) (Cologne). 28 sets of inro and netsuke; 16 netsuke, 58 inro, 12 related items. No website found.
  5. ?? Museum fur Lackkunst (The Museum of Lacquer Art) (Münster). A hoard of lacquer art. (Address: Windthorststraße 26, D-48143 Munster, Germany.) https://www.museum-fuer-lackkunst.de and https://www.museum-fuer-lackkunst.de/en/museum_of_lacquer_art Maybe only the location of a loan exhibit??
  6. Linden-Museum Stuttgart. About 30 sets of inro and netsuke, more than 850 netsuke, about 270 inro, about 30 ojime, about 70 related items. About 700 pieces from the collection of Anne and Christian Trumpf, with additional items from the Baetz Collection. Some are ex: Frederick Meinertzhagen, and in the Meinertzhagen Card Index. Catalogs available. (Address: Hegelplatz 1, D-70174 Stuttgart, Germany. Tel: 0711-2022-456). https://www.lindenmuseum.de
  7. Museum for the Arts and Crafts / Museum of Applied Arts / Museum of Decorative Arts (Museum fur Kunst und Gewerbe) (Hamburg). Includes Japanese Lacquer, inro; about 200 netsuke and related items; about 50 on display. https://www.mkg-hamburg.de
  8. Museum of Far Eastern Art, State Museums and Prussian Cultural Properties (Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst. Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz) (Berlin). 17 netsuke, 2 related items. Website link??
  9. Museum of East Asian Art (Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst). (Museum of Far Eastern Art ?). Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz (Cologne). 10 sets of inro and netsuke, 67 netsuke, 22 inro. https://museenkoeln.de
  10. Since December 2006, the Museum of East Asian Art and the Museum of Indian Art under the new common name, the Museum of Asian Art. ("Seit Dezember 2006 sind das Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst und das Museum fur Indische Kunst unter dem neuen gemeinsamen Namen Museum fur Asiatische Kunst vereinigt."). In Cologne or Berlin??
  11. Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst (National Museums of Prussian Cultural Heritage). Stuttgart and Zurich; Berlin, Germany: Staatliche Museen Preubischer Kulturbesitz. ?? https://museum-fuer-ostasiatische-kunst.de/Start ??
  12. Museum of Far Eastern Art (West Berlin). http://www.fondation-baur.ch ??
  13. National Museums in Berlin (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin). https://www.smb.museum/en/home
  14. Royal Museum (Konigliches Museum) (Berlin). Lacquers, ceramics, netsuke. The Altes Museum (German for Old Museum), is one of several internationally renowned museums on Museum Island in Berlin, Germany. Since restoration work in 1966, it houses the Antikensammlung (antique collection) of the Berlin State Museums. http://www.smb.museum/smb/standorte/index.php?lang=en&p=2&objID=24&n=2


  1. Museum of Asian Art (Corfu). 212 sets of inro and netsuke, 438 netsuke, 78 inro, 80 related items. https://www.greeka.com/ionian/corfu/sightseeing/corfu-museum-of-asian-art and https://matk.gr


  1. Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts (Budapest). The museum houses about 45 sets of inro and netsuke, 500 netsuke, 120 inro, and 35 related items. "Did not have on display the excellent collection that appears in the guide by Eva Cseh." Catalog and other publications available. (Address: 103 Andrássy Avenue, 1062 Budapest, Hungary. Tel: +36 1 322 8476). ["There is also a Ferenc Hopp Museum, which houses temporary exhibitions and has an Asian sculpture garden, but not Hopp's actual collection. Confusing, no?"]. https://hoppmuseum.hu/en
  2. Gyorgy Rath Museum (Budapest). Functions as an exhibition ground of the Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts. http://www.imm.hu/en/contents/262,György+Ráth+Museum
  3. Museum of Applied Arts (Iparmuveszeti Muzeum) (Budapest). http://www.imm.hu


  1. Chester Beatty Library and Gallery of Oriental Art (Dublin). 356 netsuke, 190 inro, 20 ojime; some on rotating display. https://chesterbeatty.ie
  2. National Museum of Ireland. 31 netsuke, 17 inro, 7 related items; all on display. https://www.museum.ie/en-ie/home


  1. Genoa Museum (Museo di Genova) (Bergamo). https://www.museidigenova.it/en
  2. Oriental Art Museum E. Chiossone (Museo d'Arte Orientale E. Chiossone) (Genoa). Netsuke. https://www.museidigenova.it/en/oriental-museum-e-chiossone
  3. National Museum of Musical Instruments / Museum of Musical Instruments (Milan). https://strumentimusicali.milanocastello.it/en
  4. Museo Orientale di Venezia. https://orientalevenezia.beniculturali.it
  5. Museo Poldi Pezzoli (Milan). https://museopoldipezzoli.it/en
  6. The National Museum of Oriental Art (Italian: Museo Nazionale d'Arte Orientale) (Rome). Is a small museum in Rome, Italy, dedicated to the arts of the Orient, from the Middle East to Japan. Now permanently closed?? http://www.museorientale.beniculturali.it Also see: https://museu.ms/museum/details/793/national-museum-of-oriental-art
  7. Stibbert Museum (Museo Stibbert) (On via Frederick Stibbert on the hill of Montughi in Florence). Samurai Collection. Contains a variety of netsuke, inro, and metalwork with tsuba, swords, and armour. http://www.museostibbert.it/frontend/index.php?lang=ENG


  1. The National Museum in Cracow (Muzeum Naraodowe W Krakowie). 47 sets of inro and netsuke, 78 netsuke, 22 inro; 3 related items; no permanent display. DiG. in the collections of the National Museum in Krakow, now in escrow in the Museum of Japanese Art and Technology Manggha. Warsaw, Poland: ??? https://mnk.pl
  2. The National Museum in Warsaw (Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie). 29 netsuke, 28 related items. https://www.mnw.art.pl
  3. Muzeum Zamkowe w Pszczynie (Pszczyna). Photographs of some netsuke from this museum was offered on eBay in August 2011, but a Search of the site returns no netsuke or inro. (Address: ul. Brama Wybrancow 1, 43-200 Pszczyna, Poland. Tel: +48 (32) 210 30 37, Email: kancelaria@zamek-pszczyna.pl). https://zamek-pszczyna.pl


  1. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum (Museu Calouste Gulbenkian) (Lisboa/Lisbon). 9 sets of inro and netsuke, 32 inro; most on display. https://gulbenkian.pt/museu


  1. Home Museum of Gorky (Institute of World Literature; A. Maksim Gorky Museum). The museum has netsuke. (Address: 25a Povarskaya St., Moscow, 121069, Russia (5 minute walk from the State Museum of Oriental Art). Tel: (495) 690-50-30). https://en.imli.ru (Mostly Russian text)
  2. The State Hermitage Museum. The Hermitage collection of netsuke is the largest of its kind in Russia, and now contains more than 1,500 items (30 sets of inro and netsuke, about 1,200 netsuke, about 40 inro, 12 related items). Formed on the basis of the Baron Stieglitz collection and transferred to the Hermitage in 1926, it has been regularly augmented by purchases and bequests from private individuals. The museum displays a part of their netsuke collection. [REF: Uspensky, Mikhail Vladimirovitch (-1998), Netske v sobranii Gosudarstvennego Ermitazha (Netsuke: From the Hermitage Collection, or Netsuke in the Collection of the State Hermitage). 1994, St. Petersburg, Russia: Paperbound; 424 pages; 534 illustrations (168 in color, 371 in black and white. There is a description of each figure in both English and Russian languages.)] Their netsuke can be viewed on the internet. (Address: 2, Dvortsovaya Ploshchad (Dvortsovaya Square), 190000, St Petersburg, Russia. Tel: 812-110-96-25 (recorded announcements)). http://www.hermitagemuseum.org
  3. Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera). The N. N. Miklukho-Maclay Institute of Ethnography. N. Miklukho-Maclay's ethnographic collections are kept at the Museum of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. From 1933 to 1992, the institution also bore his name. https://www.kunstkamera.ru/en
  4. Russian State Museum of Oriental Art (State Museum of the Arts of the Peoples of the Orient). 500 netsuke; a remarkable collection of Japanese netske figurines. Or the Oriental Museum, as Muscovites call it. (Address: Nikitsky Blvd, 12А, 119019, Moscow, Russia (up to metro stations Arbatskaya, Tverskaya, Pushkinsksya, Chekhovskaya then by trolly routes Nos. 15 or 31). Tel: +7 495 691-82-19, +7 495 695-45-55). https://www.orientmuseum.ru
  5. Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, of the Academy of Sciences / Kunstkamera Museum (Saint Petersburg). History, collections, and exhibits from the oldest state museum in Russia; collections on the culture and life of the peoples of the world. https://www.kunstkamera.ru/en/


  1. Russian Academy of Sciences (PAH, RAN). https://www.ras.ru/index.aspx?_Language=en
  2. Ivan Semyonovich Polyakov Collection ??
  3. "All Museums in Moscow": http://www.moskow.tk Site still offline, as of September 12, 2011!


  1. National Museum of Ethnology (Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde) (Leiden). 11 sets of inro and netsuke; 1,600 netsuke, 38 inro, 23 ojime, 27 tobacco sets, 77 tobacco pouches, 34 pipecases, 9 other sagemono. Much is from the collections of Dr. Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866). Some of the pieces are on permanent display. (Address: Steenstraat 1, 2312 BS Leiden. Tel: 088 0042 800). http://www.rmv.nl, https://www.volkenkunde.nl/en When you are on the site choose "collections," search in the collection, and enter "netsuke." 843 results. You can scroll by choosing "volgende pagina" in the right corner. "Lichtabk" shows a catalog view of all of them. "Omschrijving" shows each one with details. Part of the collection is on display at the branch in Breda.
  2. Museum of Ethnology (Volkenkundig Museum Justinus van Nassau) / National Museum of Ethnology Justinus van Nassau (Branch of the National Museum of Ethnology) (Breda). Part of the Collection is on display at the branch in Breda. Website ???
  3. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam). https://www.boijmans.nl/en
  4. Wereldmuseum (Rotterdam). Formerly known as the Museum voor Land-En Volkenkunde. 24 sets of inro and netsuke, 53 netsuke, 4 inro, 65 related items. https://www.wereldmuseum.nl/en


  1. Royal Scottish Museum (Edinburgh). About 750 netsuke, about 100 inro, about 50 ojime, include the Fyfe collection of Japanese netsuke; display unknown. https://www.nms.ac.uk/national-museum-of-scotland
  2. National Museums of Scotland. Includes 6 museums. 46 netsuke and 2 inro illustrated online. Some are on display at the Edinburgh National Museum. Also among the 134 Japanese items are woodblock prints showing netsuke and sagemono. August 17, 2011: The National Museum of Scotland re-opened after a major expansion. They have about 200 netsuke on exhibit. https://www.nms.ac.uk Online collections database: http://nms.scran.ac.uk
  3. The McLean Museum (Greenock, just outside Glasgow). https://www.inverclyde.gov.uk/community-life-and-leisure/heritage-services/collections/museum-collections Collections Online: https://mcleanmuseum.pastperfectonline.com/Search?search_criteria=netsuke&onlyimages=false
  4. The Stirling Smith Museum (Stirling). https://www.smithartgalleryandmuseum.co.uk


  1. Museum of Ethnography (Etnografiska Museet) (Stockholm). The museum houses netsuke. (Address: Djurgårdsbrunnsvägen 34, 115 27 Stockholm, Sweden. Tel: +46 (0)10-456 12 00). https://www.etnografiskamuseet.se/en
  2. East Asian Art Museum / The Museum of East Asian Antiquities / Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities (Ostasiatiska Museet) (Stockholm). About 35 sets of inro and netsuke, about 300 netsuke, 15 related items. https://www.ostasiatiskamuseet.se/en
  3. Röhsska Museum of Design and Craft (Göteborg). 15 sets of inro and netsuke, about 650 netsuke, 53 inro, a few ojime, a few related items. From the collection of Dr. Frederick Martin and Salomon Sorensen. https://rohsska.se/en


  1. Baur Foundation, Museum of Far Eastern Art (Collections Baur) (Geneva). About 20 sets of inro and netsuke, 1,700 netsuke, 397 inro, 218 pipecases, 80 tobacco boxes (tonkotsu sets), 35 pipes; about 2% are on display. The New Presentation of the Japanese Collection / the Japanese floor at the Baur Foundation is now open. The whole floor has been completely redone. [References include major books on Netsuke and Japanese Lacquers and others, by Marie-Therese Coullery, Pierre-Francis Schneeberger, Martin S. Newstead, and K. Watson, Translator. The ninth in the General Catalog of the Baur Collection, and the fourth to be devoted to Japanese objects, groups various series of lacquers (lacquer boxes and inro), leaving aside pipecases which will be published together with the other accessories of the smoker.] (Address: 8 rue Munier-Romilly, 1206 Geneva, Switzerland. Tel: +41 22 704 32 82). http://www.fondation-baur.ch/en


  1. The Bohdan and Varvara Khanenko Museum of Arts (Kyiv). The museum has more than 100 netsuke, with nearly 50 [90?] on display. (Address: Tereshchenkivska St., 15/17, 10114 Kyiv, Ukraine. Tel: +38 (099) 667 49 06). https://khanenko.museum/en

Chapter 7. MIDDLE EAST (2)


  1. Israel Museum (Jerusalem). Includes the Collection of Marcel Lorber. https://www.imj.org.il/en
  2. Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art (Haifa). The museum has 291 netsuke, 127 inro, 5 ojime, 15 related items; additional to this is the later Horodisch Collection of about 650 netsuke. (Address: HaNassi Blvd 89, Haifa, 3464217, Israel. Tel: 04-6030800). Another Museum Theft. 1989. 200 Japanese art objects, including 70 netsuke. Reward offered. https://www.tmja.org.il/eng



  1. The South African Jewish Museum (Cape Town). (Book: Bordignon, Laura, The Golden Age of Japanese Okimono: The Dr. A.M. Kanter Collection; includes more than 600 netsuke, with the permanent exhibit of more than 200 netsuke, from the 17th-19th centuries). They have plans to expand their on-line access to the netsuke collection. Also a large collection of okimono. https://www.sajewishmuseum.co.za


  1. The Art Gallery of NSW (Sydney). At least 511 netsuke and 3 inro and some pipecases are searchable online, although not all images are available. (Address: Art Gallery Road, The Domain, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. Tel: 1800 679 278). https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au
  2. Powerhouse Museum (Sydney) (The Hedda Morrison Collection). Cammann, Schuyler Van Rensselaer (1912-1991), Substance and Symbol in Chinese Toggles: [With Illustrated Catalogue of] Chinese Belt Toggles From the C. F. [Caroline Frances] Bieber Collection, pages [175]-241. Illustrated with photos by Hedda Hammer Morrison (1908-1991). Illustrations of 182 (not 230) toggles. Significant collection of Chinese toggles. 428 toggles listed and illustrated online. Reported to have 99 netsuke, but 114 netsuke and inro (and other non-netsuke items) are illustrated online. https://powerhouse.com.au, https://collection.maas.museum/object/121170, https://collection.maas.museum/search?q=netsuke
  3. The Queensland Art Gallery (Brisbane). Has/had an interesting collection of netsuke, however, it isn't on permanent display. Some pieces are displayed occasionally as part of other themed exhibitions. Viewings used to be able to be arranged in the past, however, I haven't done this for some time and the Gallery has revised its collection policies over the last few years—so I'm not sure if it is still possible. https://www.qagoma.qld.gov.au


  1. Auckland Institute and Museum. 41 netsuke, 16 related items. On permanent display. https://www.aucklandmuseum.com
  2. National Museum of New Zealand (Wellington). 91 netsuke, most on display. https://www.tepapa.govt.nz
  3. Canterbury Museum (Christchurch). 2 sets of inro and netsuke, 65 netsuke, 3 related items; most on permanent display, in the lovely and well displayed Asian Gallery of Japanese. Sir Joseph Kinsey, after his death his collection was donated by his daughter to the Canterbury Museum in the 1950's. https://www.canterburymuseum.com
  4. The Otago Museum (Dunedin). Collection containing netsuke, on display. Some netsuke listed online, but without photos. https://otagomuseum.nz
  5. The Olveston Historic Home Collection (Dunedin). David Theomin (who gifted Olveston to the city of Dunedin) collected these items during the late 1800s and early 1900s; includes netsuke, inro, ojime, and sagemono. https://www.olveston.co.nz

Chapter 9. REMOVED

November 25, 2010

  1. Mishima-Taisha Museum. http://www.mishimataisha.or.jp I'm certain that the museum itself does not have any netsuke or inro, except for one netsuke made by my father - Ryushi.
  2. Nomura Art Museum (Nomura Bijutsukan). (Address: 61 Nanzenji, Shimokawara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City; Telephone: 075-751-0374; Business Hours: 10:00am - 4:30pm; Closed: Mondays; Access: Kyoto City Bus to "Nanzen - ji Eikando Michi.") No Website found. A museum specializing in tea ware so they do have some lacquerware, but they don't seem to have inro or netsuke. They published Unryuan's catalogues only because they had some exhibitions of his inro.
  3. The Ueno Royal Museum (National Museum at Ueno?). http://www.ueno-mori.org Japanese text only. They used to hold ivory carvings exhibitions of JISA, but I've never heard that they have netsuke or inro.
  4. The National Museum at Ueno ???
  5. Fujieda Provincial Museum / Fujieda Municipal Museum of History (Fujieda - City). http://muse-fujieda.com/c_1.html Japanese text only. They published a catalogue of hair ornaments, but I don't think they have netsuke.
  6. Toyama City Museum and Sato Memorial Art Museum of Toyama (Toyama Sato Bijutsukan). Items are from the Museum and the collections of Prince Takamado. http://museums.toyamaken.jp/e_kenpaku/e_genre/e_genre_a.html Was closed down several years ago.

Chapter 10. Unidentified and unorganized Museums and Bibliographic Records, that need to be edited, moved into the sections above, or removed!

** These bibliographic listings might lead to other museums not listed above.

  1. The Asia Society Gallery (New York). Probably hosted an exhibit.
  2. Presentation of a memoir at l'Ecole du Louvre, June 25, 1975. ## A Revue du Louvre et Des Musees De France. 1-1977. Le Sistre D'henouttaouy. La Donation Masson a Lille. Les Enfants Angerstein De Lawrence. Vases Villanoviens du Musee du Louvre. Un Dessin De Fussli. Paris, Reunion Des Musees Nationaux, Decorative Arts of the Far East,
  3. XX Bernegger, Brigit, No Masken im Museum Rietburg, Zurich. http://www.rietberg.ch
  4. American Collector, 1977 (July). "also mentioned several Museums with notable collections, but they are not on exhibit."
  5. Cammann, Schuyler Van Rensselaer (1912-1991), "Carvings in Walrus Ivory." The University Museum Bulletin, 1954. 18 (3, September) Pages 3-31; 31 pages with 14 illustrations in black and white including 4 netsuke and 1 inro. Bibliography.
  6. Souvenir of the Japanese Collection. 1931: The Art Gallery Museum and committee. Includes Japanese lacquer, netsuke.
  7. ** Andacht, Sandra, "Inro, Netsuke, Ojime," in Oriental Antiques & Art: An Identification and Value Guide. Lists Museums.
  8. Webb, Walter, "(Netsuke)." The Museum, A Journal Devoted to Research on Natural Science, 1896 (January, 1896): Albion, New York.
  9. ** Irvine, Gregory, A Guide to Japanese Art Collections in the UK. 2004, Amsterdam: Hotei Publishers. Hardcover; 204 pages; see Index, page 199, for 44 netsuke listings and illustrations in color and text throughout book.
  10. ** Blair, Dorothy (1890- ), East Asia, Art in the Museums of Europe. 1937.
  11. ** March, Benjamin (1899-1934), China and Japan in Our Museums. 1929, Chicago', Illinois; New York, New York: University of Chicago Press. American Council, Institute of Pacific Relations, 3rd Conference; New York. Identifies many Museums with collections of Oriental art, including netsuke, in alphabetic sequence by city. "Ceramics 6,377; Cloisonne and enamel 12; Drawings and sketches 25,000; Ivory 7; Jewelry 10; Lacquer 1,373; Metalwork (other than bronze) 1,098; Netsuke and ojime 966; . ."
  12. ?? Museums bygingen Kunstauktioner A/S, Paintings and Modern Art, Furniture, Decorative Arts and Modern Furniture (June 2-8, ????). Vol. 9. ??, Copenhagen, Denmark. 185 pages; netsuke, lots 603-607, illustrated in color. English and Danish text.
  13. Applied Art Museum (Museum Fur Kunsthandwerk). Aus Der Kunstsammlung Des Herrn; from the Collection of Wilhelm Peter Metzler (1818-1904). 1983, Frankfurt am Main, Germany:. Paperbound;, including 21 inro in black and white; and Objects Worn around the Waist, ???? Housed in the Museum For Artistic Crafts in Frankfurt am Main.
  14. Brautigam, Herbert, Uber den ziehenden Wolken der Fuji [over the pulling clouds of the Fuji Bridegroom ??]. 2000, Gotha, Germany: SchlossMuseum Friedenstein ?? No netsuke listed online. http://www.stiftungfriedenstein.de/index.php?id=23&L=1
  15. ** Bushell, Raymond (1910-1998), "Questions and Answers." Journal of the International Netsuke Collectors Society, 1974. 2 (3, Winter): . Museums;.
  16. ** Bushell, Raymond (1910-1998), "Questions and Answers." Journal of the International Netsuke Collectors Society, 1977. 5 (1, June): . Pages 42-48; Museums with netsuke.
  17. ** Bushell, Raymond (1910-1998), "Questions and Answers." Journal of the International Netsuke Collectors Society, 1977. 5 (3, December): . Pages 42-48; Museums.
  18. The Reeves Center, Washington & Lee University ( Lexington, Virginia). Sherwin, Peter J. W., Netsuke: A Glance at Part of the Glickstein Collection at the Reeves Center. 1989. 8 black and white inro. ?????
  19. Lim, K. W., "Japanese Lakkunst en Inro (Japanese Lacquer and Inro)," in Japanese Kunst uit Nederlands Particulier Bezit: Toetoonstelling Georganiseerd Door de Vereniging voor Japanse Kunst in het Singer Museum te Laren N. H. (Japanese Art From Private Dutch Collections) (May 31 - July 27, 1975). 1975, De Tijdstroom: Lochem, The Netherlands. 160 pages; pages 45-69; 38 illustrations, some in color. "Deze bijdragen verschenen ook in Antiek." Dutch text. Summaries in English. Errata Sheet enclosed.
  20. Bushell, Raymond (1910-1998), "Netsuke and Inro," in Le Grand Livre de L'Objet D'Art, Phoebe Phillips, Museum Collections.
  21. Davey, Neil Kenneth (1941- ), "Netsuke." The Collector, 1990. 3 (6, May): London, England. Pages 10-11; 3 black and white illustrations. Mentions several English Museums with netsuke.
  22. Ducros, Alain, "Back on the Road." Euronetsuke, 2001 (16, Spring): London, England. Pages 21-26; 3 the author describes his trip to different areas of Japan, different Museums, and information on artists.
  23. Turk, Dr. Frank Archibald (Francis) (1900- ), "An Unknown Collection of Japanese Art in Cornwall," in The Connoisseur Year Book, 1961. London, England. pages 85-91; 16 illustrations; including 9 netsuke. A report on the Japanese collection at the Museum, written by Turk in 1984, describes the collection as "probably one of the best of its kind in any provincial Museum in Britain . . some of the pieces would be desirable ones for a national collection." In Turk's article on the collection from The Connoisseur's Year Book 1961, he writes that the collection is "a fairly extensive and very important collection." the County Museum at Truro, - no website found. Spring 1961.
  24. Williamson, George Charles, (1858-1942), "The Book of Ivory." 1938, Frederick Miller [Muller?] Ltd.: London, England. Hardback; 247 pages; illustrated; 16 plates; chapter XVIII, netsuke, 8 illustrated in black and white on plate XVI. Illustrations of many types of ivory carvings including eight netsuke from the Constantinidi collection. Three and one-half page bibliography. ##Mentions a few Museums interested in netsuke.
  25. Hutt, Julia and Oliver R. Impey, "Japan," in Lacquer, An International History and Collector's Guide, List of Museums.
  26. "News of Interest." Netsuke Kenkyukai Study Journal, 1988. 8 (3, Fall): Pages 32-33; netsuke in New Zealand Museums.
  27. Bernstein, Michael R., "A Review of the Exhibit, Netsuke: Japanese Design in Miniature." Netsuke Kenkyukai Study Journal, 1984. 4 (2, Summer): Pages 36-43; 8 black and white illustrations. At the Cooper-Hewitt Museum: the Smithsonian's National Museum of Design, New York City.
  28. Comee, Stephen, "Tokyo Tidings." Netsuke Kenkyukai Study Journal, 1993. 13 (2, Summer): Pages 70-71; no illustrations. New Edo Museum Opens; Goings On in Tokyo.
  29. De Young Museum, "Missing Netsuke." Netsuke Kenkyukai Study Journal, 1992. 12 (2, Summer): Pages 56; 2 black and white illustrations.
  30. Ducros, Alain, "Netsuke in France, Museums and Dealers." Netsuke Kenkyukai Study Journal, 1984. 4 (3, Fall): Pages 34-38; 9 black and white illustrations.
  31. Musee de la Miniature (Montelimar, France)
  32. Dmitrenko, R. P., Narodnoe Tvorchestvo Yaponii - Miniatyurnaya Skulptura: Netsuke, Maski, Tsuby (Creativity of the People of Japan - Miniature Sculpture: Netsuke, Masks, Tsuba). 1928, Moscow, Russia: Izd. Muzeia vostochnykh kultur (Museum of Oriental Cultures, Department of Far Eastern Art). At head of title page: Muzei vostochnykh kultur. Otdel dalnego vostoka. Lithograph of the Moscow Province No. 12252. Edition limited to 500 copies. Russian text. ##Typed English Translation manuscript (41 pages with tipped in photos - copies form the book) bound in with the Russian copy in the Roosevelt Collection.
  33. Urban Museum Sint-Niklaas (Stedelijk Museum Sint-Niklaas). (Netherlands) Grootmeesters van de Japanse Kunst (Masters of Japanese Art). 1978. Soft cover; 60 pages; 183 items; includes lacquer, inro, ojime, netsuke; illustrated in black and white. Dutch text.
  34. ** Netsuke Dealers Association, Convention on Netsuke and Related Arts. 1982, New York, New York. Paperbound. Convention Program Book. Includes a list of New York Museums with significant netsuke collections.
  35. ** Spiller, Jerome, "Netsuke," in [M-N] Matchsafes to Nursing Bottles. 1979. Includes Museum listings.
  36. ** Bushell, Raymond (1910-1998), "Netsuke and Inro," in The Collectors' Encyclopedia of Antiques, Museum Collections.
  37. ** Severin, Prof. Mark F. (1906-1987), "Netzuke." R. K. Vereniging Handenarbeid voor Nederland, 1971. 19 (3, March, 1971; no. 4, April, 1971): Oirschot, The Netherlands. List of selected artists, collectors, Museum collections.
  38. ** Tardy (publisher), Les Ivoires: Evolution Decorative du ler Siecle a nos Jours (Ivories: Their Decorative Development From the First Century to Our Time). 1966, Paris, France: Tardy. List of European Museums. French text.
  39. Linden-Museum (Pforzheim); Schmuck Museum Pforzheim.
  40. Mason, John Alden (1885-1967) "??" The Museum Journal, 1928: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  41. Mulder, W. Z., "Collectie Bierans de Haan: Perzische Miniaturen en Enkele Voorwepen van Kunstnijverheid uit Japan, China, en Perzie in de Collectie B. de H." Bulletin
  42. Carnegie Museum collection, in the Madeline Tollner book. Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh http://www.carnegiemuseums.org FOUR MUSEUMS!
  43. ** Bakemono, The, "The Bakemono Says:." International Netsuke Society Journal, 2002. 22 (4, Winter). Pages 14-16. Author gives his opinion on investment strategies of Museums.
  44. ** Moss, Paul, "But I Digress: Critic's Corner." International Netsuke Society Journal, 2004. 24 (3, Fall): Pages 28-31. Author gives his opinion about recent American Museum publications on netsuke.
  45. Anderson, Lowell E., "Japanese Miniatures: Inro and Netsuke from the 16th Century." The Living Museum, 1982. 44 (3, Summer ??): Pages 32; 40-??, black and white illustrations. Issued quarterly. 2005
  46. (Statens Etnografiska Museum). Casal, Ugo Alfons (1888-1968). Ethnos, 1957. 22 (3-4): Stockholm, Sweden. Pages 75-99; 25 pages; 12 illustrations including 7 netsuke. See also the pre-publication / draft version in the Sandfield collection. From a collection of 5 unpublished essays. ?? www.smvk.se
  47. ** Hull Grundy, Anne (1926-1984), "Geoffrey C. Munn." Antique Collector, 1986. 57 (2, February): United Kingdom. Pages 42-47; Anne Hull Grundy (d. 1984), whose collections of netsuke, jewellery and other objects have been donated to numerous Museums in Britain.
  48. ** Roosevelt, Cornelius Van Schaak (1915-1991), Netsuke, a Bibliography. 1978.
  49. Smithsonian Annual Report of the U.S. National Museum. 1891, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. 867 pages. Three Japanese papers in Section III. Papers Describing and Illustrating Collections in the U.S. National Museum.
© 2007 Norman L Sandfield